Explanation of the Impact of Team Entrepreneurial Orientation on Team Performance: Results of Empirical Research at Electro-Energy Company
Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Żeromskiego St. 5, 25-369 Kielce
Purpose: The purpose of this research was twofold: firstly, to find out how team entrepreneurial orientation is related to workplace performance for teams; and secondly, to analyse whether mutual trust between a manager and an employee moderates the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and performance in teams.
Research Design & Methods: The set of research proposals identifies (1) how team entrepreneurial orientation and team performance are related to each another, (2) how the relationship between team entrepreneurial orientation and team performance is moderated by team trust. The method used for carrying out empirical research was CAWI. In order to complete this research, data concerning about 55 teams from the Electro-Energy Company were collected. The project was founded by the National Science Centre in Poland allocated on the basis of a decision DEC-2014/15/B/HS4/04326.
Findings: The results of the hierarchical regression analyses revealed that team entrepreneurial orientation is related to high levels of team performance. The variation in the team entrepreneurial orientation–team performance relationship was explained by team trust: the higher the level of increasing trust in the team, the stronger the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and performance in that team. To conclude, employees may reciprocate for favourable relationships with managers by exhibiting extra-role entrepreneurial behaviour which, by increasing entrepreneurial orientation in the team, is possible to enhance team performance.
Research limitations/implications: It is possible that a certain manager perceives high performing teams as more deserving of benevolence. Future research should examine data samples from team members in non-technical industries in order to improve the generalisation of the results. It is possible that different backgrounds may have an impact on the estimated relationships.
Keywords: team entrepreneurial orientation, team performance, team trust